Canada

Canada

Innovation-Driven Economy
Population: 35.8 million
GDP: $1,552.4 billion
GDP Per Capita: $43,332
SME Contribution to GDP:

Canada Reports

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Report information
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  • Year of publication: 2016
  • Category: National Reports
  • Language: English
  • Upload date: 2017-04-16

  • We believe that this is the first application of GEM methodology to a university population. It was greatly facilitated by the fact that 100% of the population has a known email address. It's main findings were:  Levels of entrepreneurial activity at the university are similar to the Alberta population and among the highest in the developed world.  Interestingly, fewer members of the university community were confident of their skills or the opportunities. “Don’t know” was a common response. This may only mean they were more realistic than the general population.  Levels of “intrapreneurship” are quite high among students and faculty, There is a great deal of innovative activity going on with community partners. The GEM survey offers a systematic measure of this.  All parts of the university were almost equally involved in entrepreneurial activity — health sciences, science and engineering, and social sciences and humanities.  More than 50 per cent of entrepreneurial activity was directed at serving businesses, rather than consumers.  Approximately 30 per cent of initiatives aimed to have 20 or more employees in five years, higher than the rates for Alberta or Canada.  More than 40 per cent of initiatives expected significant export revenues.  Far more initiatives at the university used recent technology than in Alberta as a whole or the rest of Canada.  Initiatives at the U of C are much more innovative than initiatives from Alberta as a whole.  Women participation in entrepreneurship was somewhat less than in the Alberta population, particularly among faculty.
  • URL: http://gemconsortium.org/report/49825
GEM Canada University of Calgary Report 2015-2016
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GEM Canada 2015 Report - Quebec
Report information
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  • Year of publication: 2015
  • Category: National Reports
  • Language: English
  • Upload date: 2016-05-30

  • Canada is very supportive of entrepreneurs. More than 50% of the population believe there is a good opportunity for entrepreneurship in the next 6 months, and almost 50% believe they have the skills and knowledge to start a business. About 10% of startups plan to have 20 or more employees within 5 years. In terms of activity, Canada has the highest TEA rate among the innovation driven economies. Just over 50% of startup activity is in consumer services.
  • URL: http://gemconsortium.org/report/49541
GEM Canada 2015 Report
Report information
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  • Year of publication: 2015
  • Category: National Reports
  • Language: English
  • Upload date: 2016-09-28

  • Ontario enjoys one of the highest levels of positive attitudes reported towards entrepreneurship among the innovation-driven economies surveyed. For the first time, Ontario, together with Canada, shows the highest rate of total early-stage entrepreneurial activity (TEA), compared to developed countries in the reference group. In previous years, the US held first place. Ontario entrepreneurs show relatively modest job creation aspirations compared with reference countries. Most Ontario early-stage businesses are in consumer-oriented services, followed by business-oriented services, the transforming (manufacturing) sector and, with the lowest rate, the extractive sector (e.g. mining, agriculture). Ontario TEA ventures also use the very latest technologies at the highest rates (12%) and new technologies available in the last five years (21%), compared to the US and Australia. Canada (12.5%) is also comparable to Ontario. Ontario start-ups are also relatively export-oriented. They lead the reference group with 32.6% indicating having more than 25% of their revenues from outside the country.
  • URL: http://gemconsortium.org/report/49632
GEM Canada 2015 - Ontario
Report information
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  • Year of publication: 2015
  • Category: National Reports
  • Language: English
  • Upload date: 2016-11-22

  • This if the first GEM report on the four Atlantic provinces in Canada - New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia and Prince Edward Island. The report found many differences among the four provinces, in such areas as availability of funding, availability of government assistance, the role of business incubators, and the adequacy of education for entrepreneurship. It also found similarities, such as the perception that new and growing firms can't afford new technology, the peak age for entrepreneurship being 25-34, and the predominant mode of entrepreneurship being opportunity based.
  • URL: http://gemconsortium.org/report/49765
GEM Atlantic Canada 2015 Report
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