The GEM Report 2016-17 completes its 18 years of measuring entrepreneurship-related activities . The study has a noble mission of generating globally comparative data of entrepreneurial activity . It helps identify factors determining national levels of entrepreneurial activity as well as policies aimed at enhancing entrepreneurial activity . It measures entrepreneurship through surveys and interviews of various field experts, conducted by the teams in their respective countries . The GEM survey generates a variety of relevant, primary information on different aspects of entrepreneurship and provides harmonised measures about individuals’ attributes and their activities in different phases of venturing (from nascent to start-up to established business and to discontinuation) . The GEM Report 2016-17 covers results based on 64 economies completing the Adult Population Survey (APS) and 65 economies completing the National Expert Survey (NES) . The report provides insights into entrepreneurial activities in India . The GEM India study was conducted using a well-established GEM research methodology, consistent across all participating countries, thus enabling a cross-country comparison . The APS was conducted among 3,400 samples, which provided information regarding the level of entrepreneurial activity in their country, based on the national framework conditions, whereas the NES was conducted on 72 national experts . The NES in India focused on entrepreneurial ecosystem, also with regard to the nine entrepreneurial framework conditions .