Early-stage entrepreneurial activity rates in Europe are typically lower than in other global regions, especially North and South America. These are among the findings in the new Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM) European Regional Report entitled Research Insights for Policymakers. The report covered 226 European regions and 28 European countries. Over 2,000 individuals were interviewed in each country. Among the four largest European economies, the UK had the highest TEA rate of 12.9% of adults in 2022, with France at 9.2%, Germany at 9.1% and Spain with 6%. Eastern European economies typically have the highest TEA rates: 19.9% in Kazakhstan, 15.1% in Latvia, 13.5% in Belarus and 12.4% in Croatia. The exception was Poland at 2%.